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Chronicles of Rana Kumbha Singh of Mewar

Posted on : July 24, 2018

From the dawn of time, India has witnessed bloody wars between its rulers and usurpers. The history that we read today has been littered with instances of treachery. One such story takes us back to 1468, when the Mewar Empire’s Kumbhalgarh Fort lost its much-loved King and the great Hindu warrior Rana Kumbha Singh, who was killed by his own son Prince Uday Singh I. 

Watch the story of Rana Kumbha Singh, the King of Mewar, Rajasthan who had never lost a battle against in his 35 years of rule, but was assassinated by his own blood – Prince Uday Singh I. 


Born in the Sisodia clan of Rajputs, Maharana Kumbha or Rana Kumbha was the son of Rana Mokal and Rani Sobhagya Devi.  He ruled the Mewar, a state in western India, between 1433 and 1468 AD. He upheld the Hindu flag at the time when the entire country was under the Islamic rule, making Mewar the only independent state.

During his reign in Mewar, Rana Kumbha was well known for building and renovating 32 out of 84 forts that formed the defence in Mewar, one of which was the Kumbhalgarh Fort popularly known as ‘The Great Wall of India’. After Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh was of the most-valued fort in Mewar due to its great strategical importance. Rana Kumbha was given the title of ‘Hindu Surratna’ or ‘Hindu Sultan’ by the Muslim Sultans for his heroic operations over other Kingdoms especially Mahmud of Malwa. To commemorate his victory over the combined armies of Malwa and Gujrat led by Muhmad Khilji in the year 1448, Rana Kumbha laid the foundation of Vijay Stambha – the monument of victory dedicated to Lord Vishnu in Chittorgarh. To ensure that the monument does not get destroyed by the invaders, had Chittorgarh gone to them, he craved the word ‘Allah’ nine times on third storey and eight times in eighth.

Apart from being a great warrior, Rana Kumbha was a patron of fine arts. He himself was a great writer and was credited with texts such as Sangita-Raj, Sudhaprabhanda, and Kamaraja-Ratisara. Some of his books on music includes Sangita-Ratnakara and Sangita-Karma-Dipaka.

His son Prince Udai Singh I was heir to his father’s throne. He was envious of his father’s expansive kingdom and reign that went for many years. It provoked him to seize the throne by any means possible and in 1468, he killed his own father.  


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