Be it a child or a grown-up adult, everyone experiences moments of stress and physical illnesses, primarily due to their busy schedules. Life seems to be more mechanical and boring, which involves usual things like going to educational institutes or workplace and returning home in tried and stressed out manner. So, now-a-days people have started realising the importance of maintaining health-both physical and mental- and fitness along with their daily work.
Yoga has been a newly emerging trend in order to maintain physical and mental health as well as for curing major illnesses.The word Yoga is derived from the sankrit word Yuj which means to unite. Yoga aims at uniting the mind, body and soul. This science traces its origin in India,during the Satyug also known as the Golden age, as they are mentioned in the ancient Vedas or Holy Scriptures. But the revelation of it to the modern era happened after the archaeological evidences of the Indus valley civilization were explored. Since then yoga have been enormously adopted throughout the world as an art of living. Perhaps, it’s a saddening fact that it was the western countries who adopted the practise of yoga before India where it actually originated. Today we have plenty of yoga classes and training centres opening up and people have adopted it in their life. There are also many online ways of learning yoga which enables people to know and practise yoga in an easy manner. But what go unnoticed are the rules, dangers and precautions in practising yoga.As beginners, there is a prescribed limit and manner of performing yoga asanas.
Yoga involves bodily movements which involve muscle stretches and breathing patterns which if not done in the proper manner may lead to injuries. The most riskiest yoga asanas which requires immense care for practising are SalambaSirsasana(Headstand), AdhoMukhaVakrasana(Handstand), SalambaSarvangasana (Shoulderstand), Chaturanga Dandasana (Four-limbed staff pose), Uttanasana (Standing forward bend), etc. Yoga asanas which involves inversions like Sirsasana, Vakrasana and Sarvangasana should be avoided by glaucoma patients and pregnant women, as it may cause muscles strains and sudden jerks. Inversions increases blood pressure in head from 100/60 mm Hg to 150/110 mm Hg. Hence, it’s essential to maintain a normal blood pressure level in order to perform yoga asanas which involves inversions. Inversions should also be avoided by women during menstruation, as it may cause vascular contraction leading to heavier menstrual flow. Uttanasana involves strain in the back thigh muscles which may lead to hamstring injuries. If any yoga asana involves extreme motions of head and neck then it may cause injuries in vertebral arteries and produce swelling and constriction.
Ultimately, proper understanding and knowledge of yoga is essential in order to reap the benefits of it to the fullest. So like any other science, if properly adopted by strictly following all the rules and precautions, then yoga can prove to be an efficient manner of maintaining fitness and cure major illnesses like hypertension, obesity, blood pressure, diabetes and mental stress.